The way you teach your child will determine whether your child will learn or not. One way to teach is to use the teaching loop. Research has found this to be the best way to teach. There are four steps.
You begin by first alerting your child to be ready to learn. This is obvious, as you would want to draw your child’s attention to what you’re about to teach. Without focused attention, your child will not be able to concentrate to learn. Gain your child’s attention, by showing him something that is related to what he’ll learn. If he’s going to learn about butterflies, then a book or photograph of a butterfly is a good cue. You could also show and start talking about the material that your child will use. An example would be, if he’s about to learn angles and you show him a protractor and start talking about what it is and how to use it. Another way is to give a resource to your child to play with. If he’s going to learn about shapes, then give him pattern blocks to play with. Once he’s finished playing, you can then go on to the next step, which is to teach.
Once you have your child’s attention, you then give her the instructions by describing the task. Your child needs to understand what it is that you want her to do or learn. You give clear instructions and instead of telling her what to do in a commanding style, you explain it to her by describing it and modelling it where necessary. Remember though, that when your child is totally disengaged from what you’re teaching, then stop. There is no point in teaching when she is no longer interested, because you won’t have her attention any more.
After you have instructed your child, then give him time to perform the task. You can offer him encouragement by cheering statements during this time, such as “Go Samir! You can do it!” When your child makes a comment or asks a question, don’t ignore him but respond by saying something about it. A study has found that when you respond to your child’s vocalisations, it helps them to learn. To help your child if he is stuck, you can rearrange his position or materials. So if he’s finding it difficult to use the protractor, then position it in the right place on the angle for him.
When your child has finished a task, talk to her about what she has completed. Give positive feedback on your child’s successes or partial successes. You can give her feedback on her efforts or behaviours, and not just on performance. Remember you can also show your child feedback non-verbally, by making soothing responses, such as smiling, nodding, clapping, patting, touching, caressing, kissing and so on.